[八年级] 备战期中——2016八年级语数外物每日一练(11月7日)

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发表于 2016-11-6 16:18
本帖最后由 乖丫头 于 2016-11-6 16:19 编辑

备战期中——2016八年级语文每日一练(11月7日)


题目:
[甲] 崇祯五年十二月,余住西湖。大雪三日,湖中人鸟声俱绝。日更定矣,余挐一小舟,拥毳衣炉火,独往湖心亭看雪。雾凇沆砀,天与云与山与水,上下白。湖上影子,惟长堤一痕、湖心亭一点、与余舟一芥、舟中人两三粒而已。(选自张岱《陶庵梦忆》)
[乙] 是夕,天宇开霁①,林间月明,可数毫发。遂弃舟,从参寥②策杖并湖③而行。出雷峰④,度南屏,足于惠因涧⑤,入灵石坞,得支径上风篁岭,憩于龙井亭,酌泉据石而饮之。自普宁⑥凡经佛寺十五,皆寂不闻人声。道旁庐舍,灯火隐显,草木深郁,流水激激悲鸣,殆⑦非人间之境。行二鼓,始至寿圣院,辨才于朝音堂,明日乃还。(选自张岱《西湖梦寻》)
[注] ①霁:雨过天晴。②参廖:与下文的“辨才”都是人名。③并湖:沿湖。④雷峰:与下文的南屏、灵石坞都是山名。⑤惠因涧:山涧名。⑥普宁:与下文的寿圣院都是寺名。⑦殆:大概。
1.解释下列句子中划线的字。(4分)
(1)日更定矣(    )         (2)上下(     )
(3)足于惠因涧(    )       (4)辨才于朝音堂(     )
2.下列句子划线字含义相同的一组是(   )(3分)
A.住西湖 / 人各复延至其家   B.天云与山与水 / 选贤
C.湖中人鸟声俱/ 夜久语声    D.酌泉据石饮之/ 旗尾略不沾湿
3.用现代汉语翻译下面句子的意思。(2分)
天宇开霁,林间月明,可数毫发。
4.依据甲乙两文的文意,完成下列填空(3分)
从时间角度看,甲乙两文可以共用一个标题: 游西湖。从内容看,甲文重在描写雪景,乙文重在记叙,从“人鸟声俱绝”“流水激激悲鸣”可以看出两文中的西湖环境都显得非常。



答案及解析:
1.4分)(1)     (2)    (3)    (4)拜访  (每小题1分)
2.3分)C
3.2分)(2分)这天晚上,天空晴朗,树林间月光很明亮,(甚至连)头发都能数清。(画线处为得分点,一处1分,意思正确即可)
4.3分)      游踪      幽寂(幽静  寂寥)(每空1分)
【解析】
1.试题分析:比如“是”这个词,在这里是“这”。
2.试题分析:C中二者都是“消失”;A:我/其他;B:和/选举;D:修饰/转折。
3.试题分析:学生理解和翻译文言文中的句子,要注意句子中关键性词语,了解句子间隐含的语意关系、有关的指代以及与本句有关的文中的其他信息。翻译力求表达准确为好。其中“霁”等重点词语要理解准确。
4.试题分析:如果内容理解用自己的话表述,那学生就应学会根据文本内容进行总结和归纳。


   
备战期中——2016八年级数学每日一练(11月7日)


题目:

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答案及解析:

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备战期中——2016八年级英语每日一练(11月7日)

题目:
London has always been known for its "black fogs". In the winter of 1952, a milky white fog rolled into the city. As the smoke poured into the air, it was so hard to see that people had to walk in front of the buses to guide them. In this way, the most serious air pollution disaster in history began. When it was over, more than 4,000 people had been killed by the thick black smog.
New York City has had several London-type smogs since 1950. Each time, 100 to 400 deaths were caused by the smog. Although these smogs were not as deadly as London's, New York City has the worst air pollution problem in the United States.
In all the killer smogs, factories and homes poured smoke and fumes into the air from the furnaces. The chemical fumes combined with the water droplets in the fog to form harmful substances. These substances caused the illness of those who breathed the polluted air.
Usually, such harmful fumes rise into the upper air and are blown away by the wind. But sometimes there is an unusual weather condition called a temperature inversion. A layer of cold air remains near the ground as smoke and fumes pour into it. This is covered by an upper layer of warm air that acts like a lid. It prevents the polluted cooler air from rising. The harmful fumes pile up and make people ill. The smog may be so thick that airports are closed and chains of collisions occur on the highways.
Another type of smog occurs in Los Angeles. Here the weather may be clear and sunny. But stinging eyes and dry coughs show that harmful chemicals fill the air. The smog is due to invisible gases, mostly from automobile exhaust. Because these chemicals are changed by the sun high up in the air, it is called photochemical smog. It contains automobile exhaust fumes and nitrogen oxides changed by the sun's rays. Added to these are sulfur dioxide and other fumes from factories and oil refineries. Photochemical smog is found in many large cities all over the world.
Killer smogs don't happen very often, fortunately. But in Beijing, a combination of automobile exhaust fumes, home furnace smoke, and factory waste gases pours into the air. This may also happen in the suburbs, or out in the country, where large factories have been built. A number of harmful substances have been found in the air there. When these substances are breathed in day after day, the health of the population is affected.
【小题1】Why do people call this phenomenon "black fog"?
A.It is black and dirty.
B.It can affect the health.
C.It can kill people.
D.It is too thick for people to see something.
【小题2】What can reduce the air pollution according to the passage'?
A.Water. B.Wind. C.The sun. D.Cold air.
【小题3】When photochemical smog happens in the city,          .
A.many people will be killed
B.black smoke may pour into the air
C.the weather may be fine
D.people have to walk to work
【小题4】From the passage we know that the most serious black smog disaster took place in    .
A.London B.New York C.Los Angeles D.Beijing




答案及解析:
【小题1D【小题2B【小题3C【小题4A
解析:
解析试题分析:文章大意:伦敦、纽约、洛杉矶和北京四个大城市曾经经历和正在经历的空气污染虽然有些许不同,但是都对人类的生活产生了极大的危害。
【小题1D细节理解题。根据第一段第三句中的“it was so hard to see that people had to walk in front of the buses to guide them”可知答案为D。故D正确。
【小题2B细节理解题。根据第四段的第一句“Usually, such harmful fumes rise into the upper air and are blown away by the wind.”可知答案。故B正确。
【小题3C细节理解题。根据第五段的第二句“Here the weather may be clear and sunny.”可知答案为C。故C正确。
【小题4A推理判断题。根据第一段中的“the most serious air pollution disaster in history began”以及第二段第三句中的“these smogs were not as deadly as Londons”可推知,最严重的浓黑的烟雾发生在伦敦。故A正确。





备战期中——2016八年级物理每日一练(11月7日)



题目
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答案及解析:

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2016八年级语数外物文档(回复即可下载):
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每日一题汇总链接:
2016八年级语数外物每日一练汇总


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