[八年级] 2017八升九衔接语数外物每日一练(7月18日)

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发表于 2017-7-13 17:10
2017八升九语文每日一练(7月18日)
题目:  
阅读下面的文言文,完成小题。(14分)
詹鼎,字国器,台宁海人也。其家素贱,父鬻饼市中,而舍县之吴氏家。鼎生六七年,不与市中儿嬉敖,独喜游学馆,听人读书,归,辄能言诸生所诵。吴氏爱之,谓其父令儿读书。鼎欣然,其父独不肯,骂曰:“吾故市人家,生子而能业,吾业不废足矣,奈何从儒生游也?”然鼎每自课习,夜坐饼灶下,诵不休。其父见其志不可夺,遣之读书。时吴氏家延师儒。逾年,尽通其师所能,师辞之,鼎遂为吴氏诸子师。
元末方国珍求士为己用,闻鼎有才。鼎为其府都事,有廉名。国珍弟平章事,有人犯法,
属①鼎治,鼎论如法。平章之妻受赇②,请于鼎。持不可,曰:“今方氏欲举大谋,当用天下贤士,一心守法,曷使妇人得预事乎?”不许。
鼎临事有才,简牍满前,须臾而决。时河南行省缺郎中,吏部请命鼎为之。丞相曰:“吾同事,以鼎才不可使外也。”待半岁,除留守都卫经历,改刑部郎中、刑部佐僚。任期未完,有司请除吏。丞相曰:“刑部有詹鼎在,胜百辈。”其见称如此。(选自《逊志斋集》,有删改)
【注】①属:交付。   ②受赇(qiú):接受贿赂。
1.下列句子中划线词的解释错误的一项是(     )。(3分)
A.而舍县之吴氏家(寄居)          B.其父见其志不可(改变)
C.时吴氏家师儒(迎接)          D.有司请吏(减除)
2.下列句子中划线词的意思相同的两项是(     )。(3分)
A.生子能业                     温故知新
B.平章之妻受赇,请           每假借藏书之家
C.吏部请命鼎为                 公将鼓
D.见称如此                     人视端容寂
3.用现代汉语写出下列句子的意思。(4分)
逾年,尽通其师所能,师辞之,鼎遂为吴氏诸子师。

4.文章用了哪些材料刻画了詹鼎怎样的形象?请简要分析。(4分)
答案及解析
1.3分)C      
2.3分,选对一个选项不得分)A B
3.4分)一年之后,(他)把老师能教的学问都学会了,老师告辞离开,于是詹鼎就成为吴氏众子弟的老师。
4.4分)通过写詹鼎喜爱上学馆听人读书,夜晚坐在饼灶下诵读不止表现其酷爱学习;写平章之妻受贿替人求情,詹鼎坚持秉公执法,表现其廉洁奉公;写他处理公务能力强及丞相对他的赞颂表现其才能出众。(材料分析2分,人物品质2分。意思基本符合即可,有欠缺酌扣)
【解析】
1.试题分析:梳理文字,大致了解文章内容,弄清句子的意思,根据句意和对文言常用词的掌握来判断字词义。判断时要注意辨析词义和用法的变化,根据语境判断字词义。C“延”这“请”。
2.试题分析:首先要了解各句的出处,根据原作内容了解句子的意思,结合对文言常用词的掌握来判断字词义。A项中“而”表示顺连,B项中“于”意为“从”。
3.试题分析:疏通全文,在全文语境中大致了解句子的意思,解释清楚关键词语“逾”“尽”“通”“能”“遂”“师”,最后疏通句子。
4.试题分析:阅读全文,了解内容,根据人物的行为表现来举例分析人物的形象特点。

2017八升九数学每日一练(7月18日)
题目:   
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答案及解析
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2017八升九英语每日一练7月18日)
题目:
American Watersports Tuesday-Saturday
Located on the beach of the Sea Gardens Beach Resort, there are fun things to
rent for the whole family. They offer rentals for kayaks, jet skis, and even parasail!
Enjoy the water up-close or from a bird’s eye view! No matter what activity you’re
enjoying, be sure to protect yourself and your family from the sun’s powerful rays and apply plenty of sun block!
15th Street Boat Company Monday-Saturday
15th Street Boat Company offers rental boats of all kinds. They’re sure to have what you are looking for, whether it’s a small boat for a quick and simple outing or an extravagant boat with comfortable seats with a stereo and high tech navigation. You can rent a boat for half a day or a couple of days, or even weeks at a time. If you want it, they’ve got it. It’s fun for everyone!
Coconut’s Watersports 9am-5pm Monday-Sunday
Coconut’s Watersports is open 7 days a week and offers tons of water fun for the whole family. Jet Ski activities last 30 minutes or 1 hour and can make stops along the way. You must be at least 14 years of age to ride alone and can be as young as 3 to ride along with an adult. Everybody is required to wear a life jacket and a license is required to operate the Jet Ski. Bathing suits and shorts are recommended.
Jet Ski Tours of Miami 10am-7pm Thursday-Sunday
Jet Ski Tours of Miami includes onsite parking, indoor restrooms, lockers, and life jackets for participants. You may choose a one or two tour and each Jet Ski can hold up to 3 people. You must be at least 18 years old in order to ride. As long as you are accompanied by an adult, there is no age limitation for any passenger. There is a restaurant nearby to eat at. The tour visits 6 different islands and passes by Bayside and Hard Rock. You may even catch sight of dolphins, turtles or a crab resting in these splendid Florida waters.
小题1:You should especially protect yourself from sun burnt while visiting______.
A.Jet Ski Tours of Miami
B.Coconut’s Watersports
C.15th Street Boat Company
D.American Watersports
小题2:Which of the following can help you enjoy sailing a boat?
A.Go to the Sea Gardens Beach Resort.
B.Visit 15th Street Boat Company.
C.Choose Jet Ski Tours of Miami.
D.Visit Coconut’s Watersports.
小题3:What’s a must to ride alone in the Jet Ski activities?
A.One must be at least 14 years old.
B.One must wear bathing suits and shorts.
C.One must apply plenty of sun block.
D.One must be accompanied by parents.
小题4:What will you do to satisfy your son’s curiosity about sea animals?
A.You would like to rent a boat to ride with him.
B.You need a boat with comfortable seats with a stereo.
C.You’d like to choose American Watersports.
D.You prefer the tour to Bayside and Hard Rock.
答案及解析
小题1:D
小题2:B
小题3:A
小题4:D
文章介绍了American Watersports种的各种活动。
小题1:D 推理题。根据文章第一段be sure to protect yourself and your family from the sun’s powerful rays可知在American Watersports这里无论你参加何种活动都要注意保护自己不要被阳光晒伤。故D正确。
小题2:B 细节题。根据第二部分You can rent a boat for half a day or a couple of days可知在这一部分,你可以享受sailing a boat。故B正确。
小题3:A 细节题。根据第三部分Jet Ski activities last 30 minutes or 1 hour and can make stops along the way. You must be at least 14 years of age to ride alone and can be as young as 3 to ride along with an adult.可知有年龄的限制,限制在14岁以下。故A正确。
小题4:D 细节题。根据文章最后三行. The tour visits 6 different islands and passes by Bayside and Hard Rock. You may even catch sight of dolphins, turtles or a crab resting in these splendid Florida waters.可知在Bayside and Hard Roc这里游客可以看见很多的海洋动物,故D正确。
2017八升九物理每日一练7月18日)
题目:
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答案及解析
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